The Children of Bullenhuser Damm association

The 20 children

Mania Altman
*1938 in Radom, Polen

DATE

Commemoration

The next commemoration ceremony for the Children of Bullenhuser Damm will be on Wednesday, 20 April 2016, at 6pm in the school gym at Bullenhuser Damm. As usual, relatives of the children from all over the world are expected. Everyone is warmly invited to attend.

The memorial will be open to visitors from 10 am.


Impressions from the ceremony 2015

DATE

Long Night of Museums

The Memorial will be part of the Long Night of Museums again on April 9th 2015, from 6pm to 2am..

All informations and our program at:
www.langenachtdermuseen-hamburg.de


Family united after 66 years:
Shelly and Helena Ben David (from New York/USA and Toronto/Canada), Sandra and Mark James (from San Diego/USA) and Daphna and Guy Shahar Yames with their youngest son Uri (from Israel) in the rose garden at Bullenhuser Damm, 2011 © Regine Christiansen

The story of the Children of Bullenhuser Damm

In the night from 20 to 21 April 1945, SS troops murdered 20 Jewish children and at least 28 adults in the basement of the building at Bullenhuser Damm 92-94. Before their murder the children, from Poland, Slovakia, Italy, France and the Netherlands, had suffered agonizing medical experiments as prisoners in Neuengamme Concentration Camp. In order to cover up the experiments during the clearance of the camp, the children had to die. Relatives of the children only found out about their fate many decades later – or not at all. Every year on 20 April many relatives from all over the world come to remember the children in the school at Bullenhuser Damm in Hamburg.
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Walter Jungleib, 1942
© private

Identified after 70 years

For 70 years, 85-year-old Grete Hamburg lived in the belief that her brother Walter died during a death march from Auschwitz. Grete Hamburg was a teenager when she survived the Shoa; today she lives near Tel Aviv. Less than 100 kilometres away in Haifa lives Bella Reichenbaum. She has been coming to the commemoration ceremony on 20 April in Hamburg for many years. After this year’s commemoration, Bella Reichenbaum returned home to Israel and set out to trace the previously unidentified boy, W. Junglieb.

On a list of names of prisoners in a transport from Auschwitz to Lippstadt she discovered, in addition to the names of some of her relations, two women with the name Jungleib. She was then able to contact the Jungleib family through the website of the Yad Vashem memorial. She found out that Walter Jungleib (the correct spelling) was deported to Auschwitz from Hlohovec in Slovakia. His identification is based on the similarity of the name, his age, and the fact that the name of his mother is included with the other mothers of the “20 children” on the deportation list for Lippstadt.

Grete Hamburg wrote to the Neuengamme Concentration Camp memorial in July 2015: “I was and still am so distressed and stunned – I can hardly describe my feelings. […] My father, my mother, Walter and I were deported to Auschwitz in October 1944. The men and children were separated from us. Walter had forgotten his cap and came back to fetch it, so that he was the last in the line. He turned and waved and smiled. And that was the last time that my mother and I saw Walter.”
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© Barbara Hüsing   

Journalist Günther Schwarberg

A series of articles about Nazi war crimes in Bullenhuser Dam in the magazine STERN in 1979 was the beginning – following the traces and solving the murder of the 20 Jewish children and their attendants became the life’s work of the journalist Günther Schwarberg, who died in December 2008. It is thanks to his perseverance that the names of the children, attendants and doctors have not been forgotten. He and his wife Barbara Hüsing were the first Germans to be awarded the Anne Frank medal in 1988.
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The building at Bullenhuser Damm after the end of the war © Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial

QUOTATION

“If I had to summarize (the Holocaust) in one place, then it would not be Auschwitz, it would be Bullenhuser Damm. More than a million people died in Auschwitz; 20 children died at Bullenhuser Damm. They were used by the Nazis for medical experiments. In April 1945 the SS brought these children into the heating room in the middle of the night and hanged them. The youngest were five years old. There can be nothing worse than that.”

Erich Hartmann, photographer and author of the book “In the Camps”

MEMORIAL OPENING TIMES

Open every Sunday from 10am to 5pm.
Entry is free.

 

TOURS

Up to date times of public tours can be found on the Internet site of the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial:

www.kz-gedenkstaette-neuengamme.de/...

ADDRESS

Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm
Bullenhuser Damm 92
D - 20539 Hamburg
(Subway: Rothenburgsort)